GINGIVAL (GUM) Grafting
When recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gingival recession is progressive, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.
When there is only minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gingival recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.
A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.
Based on your particular needs and desires, the tissue graft may be taken from another area of your mouth or from a tissue bank. When using your own tissues, the graft may be taken from the roof of the mouth or from the surrounding gums. In some cases, our periodontists may also use tissue-stimulating proteins to encourage your body’s natural growth abilities and promote faster healing.
The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.